61/60 (IN WAITING) – 2016
Cymbals, cymbal stand, tape and typed letter

November 19, 2015

NOTIFICATION OF DEFERMENT OF ACTION

Due to the deferment of Agenda Item 1.14 concerning the feasibility of achieving a continuous reference time scale by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) at the World Radiocommuncation Conference in Geneva today, the planned actionn ’61/60: (continuous // eulogy)’ has been postponed.


The action will now take place in 2023 when the item is readdressed - after some 252,288,000 seconds have occurred – more – should leap seconds be required.

Until this time the work will be called ’61/60: (in waiting)’ .

Sara Morawetz


In November 2015, a group of international delegates met
in Geneva, Switzerland for the World Radiocommunication Conference, where they were to debate and vote on the future
of the leap-second. I had intended to travel to Geneva and respond to this event with a a series of twenty-six single-second performances. This work was intended to serve as either a celebration of the continuance of the leap-second or a eulogy
to its end. 

On the day before my departure, the conference announced
that no decision was to be reached. Instead, they decided to
defer any decision concerning the fate of the leap-second for
a further eight years until the conference of 2023! In response,
I have decided to defer my project also, and will wait until 2023
to stage my response. 

Recently, the leap-second has become a controversial concept —
imparting temporal synchronicity at the expense of scientific
determinism. Each second added represents a discontinuous
‘leap’ — rupturing the basic continuity of our measurements of
time. Yet modern technology does not yield easily to such
vagaries, and there is currently a movement working to ‘abolish’
use of the leap-second entirely.

It is tempting, perhaps, to pursue such thinking — assuming
that each individual adjustment carries little resonance.

However, the culmination of leap-seconds is none other than the
‘force’ by which the sun is held overhead at midday, and without it,
our time would become unfastened to the solar-cycles in which it
is steeped. Our time would inevitably drift significantly, and in the
distant future we would find that the passage of the sun bore little
relation to the movement of our clocks. A wholesale recalibration
of time itself would eventually be needed.